Finnvera provides financing for the start, growth and internationalisation of enterprises and guarantees against risks arising from exports. Finnvera strengthens the operating potential and competitiveness of Finnish enterprises by offering loans, domestic guarantees, venture capital investments, export credit guarantees and other services associated with the financing of exports. The risks included in financing are shared between Finnvera and other providers of financing.
Finnvera is a specialised financing company owned by the State of Finland and it is the official Export Credit Agency (ECA) of Finland.
Finnvera gives guarantees against political or commercial risks associated with the financing of exports. Political risks are risks that arise from the economic or political situation in a country where a Finnish export company has customers. Commercial risks pertain either to the buyer or to the buyer's bank.
Finnvera's operations are steered by the industrial and ownership policy goals laid down by the State. Among these goals are: increasing the number of starting enterprises; enabling financing for changes encountered by SMEs; and promotion of enterprise growth, internationalisation and exports. In its operations, Finnvera is expected to adhere to the principle of economic self-sustainability.
Different factors that affect Finnvera's financing are described in the following ppt-presentation.
Key figures (31 December 2014)
The funds needed for granting export credits and credits to SMEs are obtained from the financial market. By virtue of the Act governing Finnvera's operations, Finnvera can obtain State guarantees for its funding. Finnvera has a EUR 3bn EMTN programme guaranteed by the state of Finland. The programme has following ratings.
On 31 December 2014, the principal amount of outstanding bonds issued under the EMTN programme was:
The principal amount of bonds issued under standalone documentation with stage guarantee was:
The amount of outstanding subordinated loans from the State at the end of December 2014 was 86,1 million euros.
The State of Finland covers some of Finnvera's credit and guarantee losses. This enables Finnvera to take more risk in its lending operations than commercial banks would generally accept.